Nonverbal Communication Proxemics
E.T. Hall coined the term “proxemics” during his studies of interpersonal relationships between two people and the interactions associated with those relationships. Nonverbal communication proxemics is defined as, “the study of man’s transactions as he perceives and uses intimate, personal, social, and public space in various settings”.
Basically, he is telling us that everyone uses different distances for all the different situations we find ourselves in throughout our life.
There are many things that affect nonverbal communication proxemics such as, two people who are in a relationship with each other stand closer to each other than those who are not in a relationship with one another. This is due to the attraction they feel. The attraction brings people closer together.
There are four distances people will almost subconsciously place themselves when confronted with another person. The first one is called an intimate distance. Average intimate distance is between 0 – 18 inches. Two people in a relationship have no problem with this distance because this distance connotes there is plenty of trust and love in the relationship.
Conversely, two people who do not know each other will experience a certain level of discomfort, agitation, or anxiety if forced to be this close to one another like on a bus or in an elevator. We can all feel some discomfort or agitation if someone we do not know enters our personal space. Visual details and smells within this space can be overpowering.
In America, we consider our personal space to be between 18 inches to four feet. Depending on the situation, the comfort zone may be more or less but usually falls within the 18 inches to four feet range. You will probably only feel discomfort if someone else within this space tries to touch you.
The next distance is called social distance and this space extends from 4 to 12 feet. Used in business and most formal situations, communication within this space gets a little more difficult. Unlike with the intimate distance, you will still notice visual details and smells but they will not overpower you. You feel less discomfort, agitation, or anxiety as the distances get wider.
Lastly, we have the public distance which starts at 12 feet and extends as far as it needs to from there. At this distance, you have enough space to adequately form a perimeter of defense if need be. To communicate effectively from this distance, you will need to use a microphone or at least speak loudly for your audience to hear you effectively. This is the type of distance you would find at a speaking event or something like that.
Nonverbal communication proxemics is all about maintaining adequate space in all sorts of interpersonal relationships. It is a simple concept and now you know why you get upset when someone you do not know gets too close to you. E. T. Hall has given you the information you need to understanding intimate space, social distance, and public distance and the differences between them. Try it for yourself if you want to figure out what distances are good for you and how close you can let someone get before you feel any uneasiness.
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What is the role of Proxemics in nonverbal communication?
What is Proxemics? – Definition & Examples – Video & Lesson …https://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-proxemics-definition-examples.html
Basically, proxemics is the study of space and how we use it, how it makes us feel more or less comfortable, and how we arrange objects and ourselves in relation to space. The term was coined by the anthropologist Edward Hall. Hall was interested in understanding how humans use space in communication. Feb 10, 2017What is Proxemics? – Definition & Examples – Video & Lesson …https://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-proxemics-definition-examples.htmlSearch for: What is the role of Proxemics in nonverbal communication?
How does Proxemics affect communication?
How do proxemics affect communication? – Quora…https://www.quora.com/How-do-proxemics-affect-communication
How do proxemics affect communication? – Quora. It relates to the space between you an individual, showing how comfortable they are around each other. … the study of the spatial requirements of humans and animals and the effects of population density on behavior, communication, and social interaction. May 2, 2017How do proxemics affect communication? – Quora…https://www.quora.com/How-do-proxemics-affect-communicationSearch for: How does Proxemics affect communication?
What are Proxemics and haptics?
Haptics and proxemics – SlideShare…https://www.slideshare.net/mobile/sabinayjason/haptics-and-proxemics
Haptics and proxemics. … Haptic communication is a branch of nonverbal communication that refers to the ways in which people and animals communicate and interact via the sense of touch. Jan 28, 2018Haptics and proxemics – SlideShare…https://www.slideshare.net/mobile/sabinayjason/haptics-and-proxemicsSearch for: What are Proxemics and haptics?
What is proximity in nonverbal communication?
– Proxemics, kinesics, and artifacts — Moniviestin…https://moniviestin.jyu.fi/ohjelmat/hum/viesti/en/ics/26
Gestures, facial expressions, body language, eye contact (kinesics) Certain nonverbal means of communication indicate immediacy, expressiveness, warmth, and willingness to contact. In addition to touching and physical proximity, such signals are, for instance, eye contact, smiling, and body position.- Proxemics, kinesics, and artifacts — Moniviestin …https://moniviestin.jyu.fi/ohjelmat/hum/viesti/en/ics/26Search for: What is proximity in nonverbal communication?
What is the role of Proxemics in communication?
The Role of Proxemics in Communication & Productions | Study.com…https://study.com/academy/…/the-role-of-proxemics-in-communication-productions.htm…
Proxemics is the field of study of territory and how people use the space to communicate with one another. … Proxemics has uses in cinema and stage productions as well as marketing and debating. In cinema, the relationships among characters are portrayed through space. The Role of Proxemics in Communication & Productions | Study.com…https://study.com/academy/…/the-role-of-proxemics-in-communication-productions.htm…Search for: What is the role of Proxemics in communication?
What is the meaning of Proxemics in communication?
Proxemics – Wikipedia…https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proxemics
Proxemics is the study of human use of space and the effects that population density has on behavior, communication, and social interaction. Proxemics – Wikipedia…https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/ProxemicsSearch for: What is the meaning of Proxemics in communication?
What is kinesics what role does it play in communication?
What is the importance of kinesics communication? – Quora…https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-importance-of-kinesics-communication
kinesics is the study of the movement of the human body in the process of communication. Kinesics helps in effective communication as it helps to improve our body language and interaction quality. … It helps in maintaining eye contact, proper posture, and effective gesture throughout the whole communication process. .What is the importance of kinesics communication? – Quora…https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-importance-of-kinesics-communicationSearch for: What is kinesics what role does it play in communication?
What does Proxemics mean in drama?
In dramatic acting, what does the term ‘proxemics’ mean? What are …https://www.quora.com/In-dramatic-acting-what-does-the-term-proxemics-mean-What-a…
Proxemics is, generally, the interpersonal implications of how people arrange themselves around each other — how near each other, their posture and position, all the ways they accommodate themselves to the local geography.In dramatic acting, what does the term ‘proxemics’ mean? What are …https://www.quora.com/In-dramatic-acting-what-does-the-term-proxemics-mean-What-a…Search for: What does Proxemics mean in drama?
What is kinesics nonverbal communication?
Kinesics – Wikipedia…https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinesics
Kinesics is the interpretation of body motion communication such as facial expressions and gestures, nonverbal behavior related to the movement of any part of the body or the body as a whole. Kinesics – Wikipedia…https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KinesicsSearch for: What is kinesics nonverbal communication?
What are the 8 types of nonverbal communication?
Nonverbal Communication: Definition, Types, Importance (Explained)…https://iedunote.com/nonverbal-communication
Types of Nonverbal CommunicationEye contact.Facial expressions.Gestures.Posture and body orientation.Body Language.Space and Distance.Proximity.Para-linguistic.More items…Nonverbal Communication: Definition, Types, Importance (Explained)…https://iedunote.com/nonverbal-communicationSearch for: What are the 8 types of nonverbal communication?